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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

1 edition of Water Encyclopedia, Surface and Agricultural Water found in the catalog.

Water Encyclopedia, Surface and Agricultural Water

Water Encyclopedia, Surface and Agricultural Water

  • 234 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by Wiley-Interscience .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Chemistry - Organic,
  • Science / Chemistry / Organic

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsJay H. Lehr (Editor), Jack Keeley (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatCD-ROM
    Number of Pages864
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL9420553M
    ISBN 100471741388
    ISBN 109780471741381

    The entries in this book comprise an A-Z overview of water's manifold roles in human society and the natural world throughout history. Topics include boats and ships, dams, groundwater, hydrology, ice, the Johnstown Flood, Scripps Institute of Oceanography, sea monsters, surface tension, and water wheels, and much more. Nutrient pollution can have a negative impact on the aquatic environment, with loss of biodiversity, toxic algal blooms, and a deficiency in dissolved oxygen in surface waters. Agricultural production is one of the main contributors to these problems; this article provides an overview of and background for the main biogeochemical processes causing agricultural nutrient pollution of surface .

    Agricultural wastewater treatment is a farm management agenda for controlling pollution from surface runoff that may be contaminated by chemicals in fertiliser, pesticides, animal slurry, crop residues or irrigation water.   Water pollution, the release of substances (such as chemicals or microorganisms) and energy (in the form of radioactivity or heat) into surface and subsurface waters to the point where they interfere with beneficial use of the water or with the natural functioning of ecosystems.

    Chapter 2Water Use Water is used in every society. Individuals use water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and recreation. Industry uses it to make chemicals, manufacture goods, and clean factories and equipment. Cities use water to fight fires, clean streets, and fill public swimming pools and fountains. Farmers give water to their livestock, clean their barns, and irrigate their . This page gives you access to different types of information covering water quality, especially as related to agriculture. For a broader coverage, the U. S. Geological Survey provides answers to frequently asked questions on water, including water quality and contamination and pollution.


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Water Encyclopedia, Surface and Agricultural Water Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy Water Encyclopedia: Surface and Agricultural Water (): NHBS - Edited By: Jay H Lehr and Jack Keeley, John Wiley & Sons. The Water Encyclopedia offers a comprehensive depository of all information relating to the scientific and technological aspects of the world's most important natural resource -- water.

The role of water in science, engineering and society requires a one-stop location to find whatever information is available on the cutting edge of the 21st century. Maximizing the use of our visible surface supplies in light of their greatest need in agriculture presents an enormous challenge throughout the world.

New techniques in agricultural applications to preserve resources and increase yields are featured. Dams, lakes, and hydraulic features of surface water systems are amply covered, along with the importance of storm water.

Agricultural Water (55) Domestic Water Supply (16) Ground Water Water Encyclopedia () Industrial Water Supply (19) Meteorology (74) Municipal Water Supply () Oceanography (48) Physics and Chemistry of Water (69) Surface Water Hydrology () Waste Water Treatment (68) Water History and Culture (34) Water Law and Economics (26) Water Quality.

Agriculture and Water Humans depend on water in many ways, well beyond the few liters needed daily for drinking. Water is also essential for the production of food. Various forms of agriculture, practiced on about half of Earth's land surface, provide the vast majority of food that over 6 billion people eat.

Agriculture also provides much of the fiber for cotton, wool, and. Filled with figures, images, and illustrations, Encyclopedia of Water Science, Second Edition provides effective concepts and procedures in environmental water science and engineering.

It unveils a wide spectrum of design concepts, methods, and solutions for enhanced performance of water quality, treatment, conservation, Surface and Agricultural Water book irrigation methods, as well as improved water.

Surface water is any body of water above ground, including streams, rivers, lakes, wetlands, reservoirs, and creeks. The ocean, despite being saltwater, is also considered surface water. Surface water participates in the hydrologic cycle, or water cycle, which involves the movement of water to and from the Earth’s surface.

Agricultural Water Use This EnviroAtlas national map estimates the total gallons of water in millions of gallons per day used for agricultural irrigation in each digit hydrologic unit (HUC) in the contiguous United States.

Estimates include self-supplied surface and groundwater, as well as water supplied by. Agricultural Wastes. Animal wastes often reach waterbodies via runoff across the land surface, or by seepage through the surface soil layers. Hence, agricultural runoff containing animal wastes does not receive any "treatment" except what is naturally afforded by microbial activity during its transit to a waterbody.

In book: State of Indian Agriculture - Water, Edition:Chapter: 4, Publisher: National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Editors: H Pathak, BP Bhatt, SK Gupta, pp Surface water. Agricultural water is used for irrigation, pesticide External and fertilizer applications External, crop cooling (for example, light irrigation), and frost control.

According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), water used for irrigation accounts for nearly 65 percent of the world’s freshwater withdrawals excluding thermoelectric.

When a person opens a spigot to draw a glass of water, he or she may be tapping a source close to home or hundreds of miles away. This web page is intended to help Californians identify their source(s) of drinking water, learn more about how drinking water is treated, and learn how to help prevent pollution of our groundwater and surface water supplies.

Groundwater, water that occurs below the surface of Earth, where it occupies all or part of the void spaces in soils or geologic strata. Groundwater plays a vital role in the development of arid and semiarid zones, sometimes supporting agricultural and industrial enterprises that could not otherwise exist.

Water is a critical input for agricultural production and plays an important role in food security. Irrigated agriculture represents 20 percent of the total cultivated land and contributes 40 percent of the total food produced worldwide.

Book Description. Filled with figures, images, and illustrations, Encyclopedia of Water Science, Second Edition provides effective concepts and procedures in environmental water science and engineering. It unveils a wide spectrum of design concepts, methods, and solutions for enhanced performance of water quality, treatment, conservation, and irrigation methods, as well as improved water.

Water supply system - Water supply system - Surface water and groundwater: Surface water and groundwater are both important sources for community water supply needs. Groundwater is a common source for single homes and small towns, and rivers and lakes are the usual sources for large cities.

Although approximately 98 percent of liquid fresh water exists as groundwater. Water Quality Handbook and key references reside in each NRCS field office. Key references Agricultural Waste Management Field Handbook, Rev.

1 Field Office Technical Guide (FOTG) Sections I–V Ground Water and Surface Water, A Single Resource USGS Circular National Agronomy Manual National Engineering Handbook, PartNational. Encyclopedia of Water Science provides instant access to the most effective procedures in agricultural water engineering, unveiling a wide spectrum of design concepts, methodologies, and solutions for enhanced performance of water quality, treatment, conservation, and irrigation methods, as well as improved water efficiency in agricultural programs.

The availability of water is crucial to the success of the state’s agriculture industry, especially because California is semi-arid, in general, and much of the agricultural cropland is in areas where surface water must be pumped and groundwater has.

The recent discovery of surface-water contamination by minute amounts of pharmaceuticals and personal-care products, including synthetic hormones from birth control pills, is being investigated to determine whether it poses a threat to humans, aquatic species, or wildlife. Water Quality Act amendments of established a $million program to help states to develop and implement nonpoint source management programs based on watershed protection.

Covering a total surface area of aboutsquare kilometers (94, square miles) the Great Lakes contain a volume of approximat cubic kilometers (5, cubic miles) of water. This tremendous volume is hard to conceptualize, but if it were spread over the contiguous 48 states, its waters would average about meters ( feet.The typical surface system consists of field drains, field ditches, a main collection ditch, and an outlet.

As the term implies, a surface system is designed to remove water that collects on top of the soil. Surface drainage is especially important for soils that absorb water slowly.Although water quality is affected by natural conditions, the word pollution usually implies human activity as the source of contamination.

Water pollution, therefore, is caused primarily by the drainage of contaminated wastewater into surface water or groundwater, and wastewater treatment is a major element of water pollution control.